5CO02 Evidence-based Practice Guideline Task One


AC 1.1 provide an evaluation of the concept of evidence-based practice and how evidence-based approaches can be used to support sound decision-making and judgments


Learners will explain evidence-based practice concept and its effectiveness in helping people professionals make sound organisational and personal decisions. The use of evidence focuses on analysing the strategies and models that help in the decision-making process. Examples of models that students should explain include;-

  • Rational model
  • Bounded rationality model
  • Group think model

The learners should be in a position to select evidence and interpret effectively before making decisions. Professionals make decisions when they have evidence that is obtained from a variety of sources. The information collected should not be biased and it should be used to form judgements and conclusions that are based on theory of professional opinions.


AC 1.2 Evaluate micro and macro analysis tools that can be used in people practice to explore an organisation’s micro and macro environment and how those identified might be applied to diagnose future issues, challenges and opportunities.


Examples of analysis tools used in people practice include;-

  • Porter’s Five Forces model
  • Ansoff Matrix
  • Cause and effect analysis tool
  • McKinsey 7S analysis tool
  • Balanced scorecard

Examples of analysis methods that students should apply to diagnose future issues and opportunities include;-

  • Interviews
  • Questionnaires
  • Observation
  • Work sampling


AC 1.3. Explain the principles of critical thinking and give examples of how you apply these yourself when relating to your own and others’ ideas to assist objective and rational debate.


Learners explain either of the following principles relating to critical thinking. Examples of the principles that the learners should discuss are questioning the sources of data, explaining the validity of the evidence that the professionals use in making decisions, engagement in objective thinking to understand the arguments, and evaluating the possibilities of having the evidence being biased.

Learners then explain how they can apply the principles in debates when considering their own ideas and the ideas from other people. The learners explain how they can use different methodologies in applying the above-mentioned principles. They also consider the clarity of terminologies that they use in developing new agendas and managing complex information.


AC 1.4 Assess at least two different ethical theories and perspectives and use of Theories to inform and influence effective decision-making.


Learners may explain either of the following ethical theories;-

  • Utilitarian theory
  • Deontology/Kantianism theory
  • Communitarianism theory
  • Altruism theory

The learners should also mention the ethical values that influence decision-making, and the examples of these values include; – honesty, fairness, and consideration of the ethical outcomes and dilemmas that affect the kind of decisions made in an organisation.


AC 2.3 Explain a range of decision-making approaches that could be used to identify possible solutions to a specific issue relating to people practice


Examples of the processes that the learners explain when answering this question include;-

  • Problem-outcome frame
  • Future pacing approach
  • Best fit approach
  • Action learning approaches
  • De Bono approach (six thinking hats)


AC 2.4 As a worked example to illustrate the points made in 2.3, take the same people to practice issues, explain the relevant evidence that you have reviewed and use one or more decision-making tools


Considering the identified approaches to identify solutions to people practices issues, learners explain the relevance of the approaches in identifying the benefits, risks and financial implications of the decisions.

Examples of the benefits of using evidence to make rational decisions include;-

  • Improved worker productivity
  • Developed positive organisational culture
  • Increased customer engagements
  • Increased people and organisational capabilities
  • High organisation compliance to legal issues

Learners also evaluate the risks relating to the decisions made in solving problems to the people practice issues. Possible risks include financial challenges, negative organisational reputation, health and safety issues, legal challenges, and negative impacts related to people and organisational capabilities in creating high levels of engagements.

Financial implications relate to the evidence realised on the costs of implementing the solutions and solving the people practices solutions. Indirect financial costs relate to the evaluation of the working time that professionals take in gaining the skills to solve and manage the problems. Other financial implications associate with budget limitations and the costs associated to returns on investment and other short or long-term benefits of the realised solutions.


AC 3.1 Appraise different ways organisations measure financial and non-financial performance.


Organisations measure financial and non-financial performance by analysing;-

  • Organisational revenue
  • Organisational gross and net profit
  • Productivity
  • Cash flows
  • Balanced scorecard
  • Stakeholder benefits and feedback
  • Organisational legal compliance.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *